VejituhTheWarriorGuy wrote:David Gray is likely a pseudonym for James Marsters so the union doesn't catch him. Damon Clarke had to do it for Kai which is partially the reason why Jim Foronda was Cell in The Final Chapters
EXPLAIN ME THIS ALL UNTION THING CUZ I DONT GET IT
SAG-AFTRA (the S
ederation of T
elevision and R
rtists), the actors union in the U.S., collectively negotiates for fair rates for actors in a variety of fields (films, TV shows, commercials, audiobooks, etc.), and portions of these rates also go towards health insurance and pension funds for their members. They also expect their members to follow several rules, the biggest one of which is referred to as Global Rule One...which basically states that union actors are not allowed to take non-union work. If a union actor is caught by the union doing non-union work, there are consequences...on the low end, the actor is just given a small fine, but on the high end, in a few particularly extreme cases, the actor is kicked out of the union.
Having said that, a fair number of union actors don't follow this rule for various different reasons, do non-union work anyway ("working off the card," as it's referred to in the biz), and get around Global Rule One through various different methods. I wrote a post on it a while back
, but one of the more common ways is to be credited under a fake name. This is still considered breaking Global Rule One, but in order for an actor to be punished for working off the card, the union needs to be able to prove beyond a doubt that the actor in question took non-union work...and that's difficult to do in the case of voice acting. The actor can just say, "That wasn't me," and since they're credited under a fake name, there's not much the union can do after that. On-camera actors get caught far, far, far more often than voice actors (because if they say, "That wasn't me," the union can say, "What do you mean it wasn't you, we have footage of your face!").
That's not to say voice actors can never get caught--I know of several who have--but it usually doesn't happen unless another voice actor reports them to the union.
As for how Brian Drummond, a union actor, is in FUNimation's non-union dub, using his own name...I can think of two possible explanations. One is that he's with ACTRA, the Canadian union, not SAG-AFTRA, and I've heard that apparently ACTRA is not as strict about working off the card as long as the employer in question isn't based in Canada. The other is quite simply that he just flat-out used his own name and figured that ACTRA won't look into the matter. He's probably right, if that's the case. Pursuing voice actors working off the card on an anime dub ranks very, very, very low on the union's priority list...if it even shows up on the list at all.